Not pertinent to Migrants At Sea, but of possible interest to many, Prof. William A. Schabas’ blog (PhD Studies in Human Rights) describes a developing situation at the ICC where witnesses have made asylum claims to the ICC: “Three Congolese witnesses, brought to The Hague at the request of the defence in the Katanga case, have presented the judges of the Trial Chamber with a claim for protection. The matter was considered in a Status Conference on Thursday, for which the transcript is available. There is also an account of this on the Hirondelle News Service….”
Click here for the blog post.
This cable provides the views of the US Embassy in Tripoli as of July 2009 regarding the EU-Libya Framework Agreement negotiations. A round of EU-Libya negotiations took place on 13-14 July 2009. The cable was written by the US Embassy’s Chargé d’Affaires at the time, Joan Polaschik, and is titled: “EU FRAMEWORK AGREEMENT HANGS ON ICC, TRADE, MIGRATION.”
According to the cable, Libyan negotiator Mohammed Siala “railed against language stating that the [EU and Libya] agreed to discuss crimes against humanity in an international context, angrily stating that any mention of the International Criminal Court (ICC) or text similar to that of the Rome Statute would cause a total breakdown of the framework negotiations.” Negotiations on migration issues however went more smoothly according to the cable: “the chief EC negotiator told EU diplomats that the negotiations [on migration] were a ‘step forward’ and that more progress was made than expected with no major objections from either side on the draft as presented….”
Excerpts from the cable:
“1.(C/NF) Summary: The latest round of EU-Libya Framework Agreement negotiations hit snags over sensitive political issues and were slowed by Libya’s inefficient technical bureaucracy. The Libyans denounced the International Criminal Court and decreed that any language similar to the Rome Statute was off limits. Trade talks stalled when the Libyans announced that they had not examined the draft paper (presented in early 2009) and were unable to produce trade statistics from 2007/2008 or provide data on the Libyan tariff system. Talks on migration went more smoothly than expected, but significant issues remain before the agreement could be given to member states for approval. EU diplomats in Tripoli are skeptical that the EC will be able to get an agreement that can be implemented by both sides within the remaining two rounds of talks….
POLITICAL DIALOGUE: THE EC DANCES ON LIBYA’S ‘RED LINE’
2.(C/NF) Representatives of the European Commission (EC) based in Brussels conducted the latest round of Framework Agreement negotiations July 13-14 in Tripoli with sessions focused on political dialogue, trade and commerce, and migration. Diplomats from EU member states — participating as observers to the EC-Libya negotiations — said that discussions on the political framework were particularly heated. Libyan negotiator Mohammed Siala railed against language stating that the two parties agreed to discuss crimes against humanity in an international context, angrily stating that any mention of the International Criminal Court (ICC) or text similar to that of the Rome Statute would cause a total breakdown of the framework negotiations. According to the UK embassy, nothing in the political dialogue paper is binding on either party and is merely agenda-setting for future discussions. EC negotiators were not/not pushing for Libya to accede to the ICC….
TRADE AND MIGRATION: HITS AND MISSES
4.(C) … On migration, the chief EC negotiator told EU diplomats that the negotiations were a “step forward” and that more progress was made than expected with no major objections from either side on the draft as presented….”
Click here or here for the full Cable.
Click here for a post regarding an earlier US cable discussing the state of EU-Libya framework negotiations in 2008.
Filed under European Union, Libya, Mediterranean, News, UK, United States
Tagged as Abdulati al-Obeidi, Chargé d’Affaires Joan Polaschik, EU-Libya Framework Agreement, European Commission, International Criminal Court, Joan Polaschik, Law of the Sea, Libya, Mediterranean fisheries, Migrants, Mohammed Siala, Negotiating tactics, Rome Statute, UK Embassy Tripoli, US Embassy Cables, US Embassy Tripoli, WikiLeaks