As noted on Diario de la Inmigración, a Spanish Court in Ceuta (el Juzgado Contencioso Administrativo número 2 de Ceuta) has ruled that persons granted asylum or subsidiary protection may not leave Ceuta for the Spanish peninsula. The court agreed with the position of the Spanish government and ruled that the two autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla are not part of the Schengen area and that proper documentation is therefore required to enter the Schengen area from the cities. The court concluded that the “yellow card” (“tarjeta amarilla”) issued to persons granted asylum or subsidiary protection is insufficient documentation to enter the Schengen area.
The UNHCR and CEAR have previously criticised the Spanish’s government new policy of restricting the free movement of persons in Ceuta and Melilla who have been granted asylum or subsidiary protection. UNHCR believes that the restrictions on free movement violate article 5 of Spain’s 2009 asylum law (la ley 12/2009, de 30 de octubre).