The Spanish Ministry of Interior and the Asociación Pro Derechos Humanos de Andalucía (APDHA) both released reports regarding the numbers of migrants who reached Spain by sea in 2011. APDHA reports larger numbers of arrivals and deaths in 2011 than the official governmental report.
The report from Spanish authorities states that a total of 5,443 migrants were known to have reached Spanish territory by sea, including the Canary Islands, in 2011. This represents an increase over 2010 when 3,632 persons are known to have arrived, but represents a substantial reduction in total numbers compared to the peak year of 2006 when over 36,000 migrants reached Spain by sea or by entering the North African territories of Ceuta and Melilla.
According to Spanish authorities, 340 migrants reached the Canary Islands by sea in 2011, an increase over the 196 who arrived in 2010, but significantly fewer that the over 31,000 migrants who reached the Canary Islands in 2006. 3,345 migrants reached Ceuta and Melilla by sea, by being smuggled into the territories, or by otherwise crossing the border fencing.
The Guardia Civil reported that 29 migrants are known to have drowned in 2011, but some NGOs believe the numbers of deaths are much larger.
APDHA in its report issued last month stated that it believed a larger number of migrants reached Spain. The APDHA report was based on a survey of publicly available information. It estimates that 8,867 people reached Spain (compared to the 5,443 reported by authorities). APDHA also reported that 84 migrants are known to have died and at least 114 were known to be missing in 2011.
Click here and here for Spanish Ministerio del Interior report. (ES)
Click here and here for the Asociación Pro Derechos Humanos de Andalucía report. (ES)
Click here1, here2, here3, here4, here5, here6, here7, here8, here9, here10, here11, and here12 for additional articles. (ES)